As the newly hired Tobacco Prevention Coordinator, I have been challenged to change my mentality from what I originally thought about tobacco, to what I now know to be true. I thought about tobacco the same way that you probably do as well: smoking smells gross, nicotine is bad for your body, and no factual information other than those two things. But since I have been hired, I have learned so much more about the severity of tobacco and the way that it affects us all.
And aside from all of the scary statistics that I could throw at you, it really is just so important to stay educated about the types of substances that are affecting ourselves and our families every single day. Whether it be the co-workers that are taking their smoke break, the vapes that are smoked at your kid’s school, or the smoke cloud that you walk through on your way into your apartment.
There are definitely changes to be made and knowledge to be shared, and I am making it my personal mission to accomplish both of those things within this community. If you want to join this movement, please join us at our first coalition meeting at 12:00 p.m. on Friday, October 18th at 129 East Water Street in Portland. I would love to help you learn more about drug prevention and how you can get more involved!
260-251-3259 ext. 1004
Did you know that today is the first (official) day of fall? That's right! Though some have been sipping pumpkin spice lattes since September 1st, the Almanac will tell you that today (September 23rd) marks Fall's official appearance!
But September 23rd isn't just Fall Equinox, it's also "National Dogs in Politics Day," "National Temperature Control Day," "Checkers Day," as well as a plethora of other obscure holidays. Though it's impossible to remember (let alone celebrate) every silly Holiday and National Day, for some, September 23rd might be a very special anniversary...
Did you know that September is recovery month? This national observance is held every September to educate Americans that substance use treatment and mental health services can enable those with a mental and/or substance use disorder to live a healthy and rewarding life. This year marks National Recovery Month's 30th anniversary! The Association for Addiction Professionals' website says, "Now in its 30th year, Recovery Month celebrates the gains made by those in recovery, just as we celebrate improvements made by those who are managing other health conditions such as hypertension, diabetes, asthma, and heart disease. Recovery Month works to promote and support new evidence-based treatment and recovery practices, the emergence of a strong and proud recovery community, and the dedication of service providers and community members across the nation who make recovery in all its forms possible."
Visit the Recovery Month website to find out about joining a community of individuals celebrating their recovery! Read personal stories about recovery, or find out how to help someone you love.
So everyday, whether you are celebrating a new season, an obscure holiday, or a new drink on the Starbucks menu, remember that today could be someone's celebration of life and recovery--especially this Recovery Month!
This year marks the 4th annual Project SAFE (substance awareness and family education) event in Jay County! But this time, at a new location: the Jay County High School! Project SAFE's mission is to raise awareness of the dangers related to substance use, and to help and encourage children to make healthy choices. It is a free event with bouncy houses, carnival games, door prizes, free lunch, vendor booths, and more! Stars in the Park Finalists will be there performing, along with the Jay County HS Show Choir. With the new location this year, we're expecting Project SAFE to be bigger and better than ever! There will be outside activities in the parking lot, as well as inside the high school.
This year, our speaker will be Rupert Boneham (yes, from survivor). Rupert is a Hoosier who donated a large portion of his Survivor winnings to start a children's foundation: Rupert's Kids. The mission of Rupert's Kids is to empower our participants to discover their inner strength, realize their own self-worth and recognize their value to society. With his famous tie dye and infectious smile that won him "fan favorite" on Survivor, everyone is sure to have a great day with Rupert!
Location: The Jay County High School
Date: Saturday, September 28th, 2019
Schedule of Events:
1. Is Marijuana addictive?
Studies that attempt to answer this question have controversial results. While marijuana use is linked to dependance, it is possible to be dependant without being addicted. However, using the term dependant rather than addicted, around 9 percent of people who use marijuana will become dependant on it (with the percentage nearly doubling for those who begin use in their teens).
People who report regular use say that irritability, restlessness, issues with appetite, and/or physical discomfort occur within a week of quitting and may last for two weeks.
2. Does Marijuana have long term effects on the brain?
Studies suggest that marijuana has the most serious, long-term effects on young people such as those who were exposed before birth, soon after birth, and into adolescence. One study showed that regular use during adolescence resulted in significantly lower IQ scores. The individuals in the study did not regain these IQ scores upon quitting use in adulthood.
Though studies have shown that regular use among young people does have long term effects on the brain, the effects marijuana has on the adult brain is hard to measure because study participants often use multiple substances. However, the National Institute of Health is currently funding a study that may have more conclusive answers.
3. Does Marijuana use have an effect on lung health?
Smoking marijuana, like smoking tobacco, is an irritant to the lungs and throat. Smoking marijuana can cause a heavy cough during use, but it also contains levels of volatile chemicals and tar. Since these chemicals and tar are similar to tobacco smoke, concerns have been raised about risk for cancer and lung disease. Smoking marijuana may also reduce the respiratory system’s immune response, increasing the likelihood of the person acquiring respiratory infections, including pneumonia.
Marijuana smoking is connected with inflammation, airway resistance, and lung hyperinflation. Those who smoke marijuana regularly report more chronic bronchitis than those who do not smoke--this leads to more outpatient medical visits. It has been suggested that THC has immune-suppressing effects, which would lead to an increase in infections such as pneumonia.
Though the connection between smoking marijuana and lung cancer is still being studied, marijuana does contain carcinogenic combustion products (including about 50% more benzoprene, 75% more benzanthracene, and more phenols, vinyl chlorides, and nitrosamines) than cigarette smoke. The differences in the way tobacco and marijuana are smoked make it difficult to compare the long-term effects of smoking each substance. Another factor which makes comparison difficult is that many people use both marijuana and tobacco.
4. Is Marijuana safe or effective as medicine?
The medical properties of marijuana and its components have been the subject of debate for decades, but within the past decade, the debate has become more streamlined. THC's medical benefits have been proven in particular formulations: The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved THC-based medications (Marinol® and Cesamet®) for the treatment of nausea in patients being treated with chemotherapy. Epidiolex®, a CBD-based, FDA-approved medication, has been used to treat two forms of severe childhood epilepsy. These medications are delivered to patients in a reliable dosage form and through a reproducible route of delivery to ensure that patients derive the anticipated benefits. Several other marijuana-based medications are currently undergoing testing.
An important factor to keep in mind is that medications such as these use purified chemicals derived from or based on those in the marijuana plant. This means that they have more promising therapeutic effects than use of the whole marijuana plant or its crude extracts. It is difficult to develop drugs from botanicals (such as marijuana). Botanicals contain hundreds of unknown, active chemicals, and developing a medication with consistent and accurate doses of chemicals is incredibly challenging. Additionally, there are adverse health effects of smoking and THC-induced cognitive impairment.
There are many additional concerns with "medical marijuana" because little is known about long-term impact--especially by people with health- or age-related vulnerabilities. Further research must be done to determine if people with health disparities are at greater risk for adverse health outcomes from marijuana use.
5. Is Marijuana a "gateway drug"?
Some research suggests marijuana is likely to precede other substance use as well as the development of addiction to other illicit and licit substances. A study from the National Epidemiological Study of Alcohol Use and Related Disorders found that adults who used marijuana were more likely than those who had not to develop an alcohol use disorder in less than 5 years. In addition to alcohol use, marijuana use is also related to other substance use disorders such as nicotine addiction and drugs such as morphine. Though these findings are consistent with the idea of marijuana as a "gateway drug," the majority of people who use marijuana do not go on to use other illicit substances. The phenomenon called cross-sensitization where the continued use of one substance yields the same heightened behavioral response as the introduction of a new drug is not unique to marijuana. Alcohol and nicotine also prime the brain for a heightened response to other drugs and are, like marijuana, also typically used before a person progresses to other, more harmful substances.
It is vital to note that factors such as a person's social environment are also at play. These environments are critical to a person's risk for drug use--just as biological mechanisms are. Instead of using a gateway-drug hypothesis, some researchers believe that people who are more vulnerable to drug use are more likely to begin use with substances that are readily available (such as marijuana, tobacco, or alcohol). Frequent social interactions with others who use drugs then increases that person's chances or trying other drugs. Though more research needs done to explore this question, it is likely that both social and biological factors are at play.
Are you celebrating your recovery? Weather your recovery journey started 30 years ago or today, recovery is something to celebrate! If you or a loved one has overcome addiction, you can join in the 2019 Recovery Month Celebration this September! This year's theme is “Join the Voices for Recovery: Together We Are Stronger." This emphasizes the need to share resources and build networks across the country that support recovery in all its forms. The observance will work to highlight inspiring stories to help people from all walks of life find the path to hope, health, and wellness. Click here for more information.
Addiction, whether to drugs, alcohol, tobacco or involving other substances or actions, is a disease that can be effectively treated, allowing individuals and those around them to recover their lives. If you'd like to participate in the Ride (or walk) To Recovery Event, we'd love to see you there! There will be one hosted in Downtown Indianapolis, and one in Angola, Indiana.
Indianapolis Details: IAIC RECOVERY RALLY Saturday, September 7th. Registration at 9:30 am Ride begins at 10:30 at Southside Harley. Walk begins at 10:30 at Historic Military Park at White River State Park 601 W New York St. Downtown Indianapolis.
Angola Details: Ride and Rally for Recovery Saturday, September 7. The police-escorted Ride begins at Serenity House in Auburn at 11:30 a.m. and travels to Women in Transition in Angola, then Shepherd’s Chevrolet in Kendallville, then to the DeKalb County Airport for the Rally, where there will be a speaker meeting and recovery comedian Bob Perkell joining us all the way from California!
Marijuana Use Doubles in U.S. Pregnant Women to 1 in 14
An article published by the Associated Press, quotes a study by the American Medical Association, showing evidence that 7% of pregnant women, or 1 in 14, said they used marijuana in the past month, most commonly in the first trimester. The data came from an analysis of the National Survey on Drug Use and Health between 2002 and 2017, which involved nearly half a million women. In the article, National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) Director Dr. Nora Volkow warns about the dangers of marijuana use during pregnancy, saying "it's not worth the risk." (cadca.org, 6/20/19)
New study shows teens who abuse opioids are more likely to later use heroin
A University of Southern California study, published in JAMA pediatrics, highlights the association between prescription opioid use and heroin. The study found that adolescents and teens who use prescription opioids are more likely to start using heroin by high school graduation. The study followed more than 3,000 freshmen from 10 Los Angeles area high schools through their senior years, and were asked about previous and use of prescription painkillers to get high. The study found that 13 percent of current opioid users and 10 percent of former opioid users switched to heroin by the end of high school, leading to the conclusion that adolescents need to be considered, and not overlooked, when discussing the opioid epidemic. (Indiana State Department of Health, 7/16/19)
People are more likely to try drugs including cocaine, ecstasy, molly and marijuana in the summer than in any other season, according to a new study. Researchers at the NYU School of Medicine found more than one-third of LSD use and about 30% of ecstasy and marijuana use starts in the summer, CNN reports. About 28% of cocaine use also begins during summer months, the researchers report in the Journal of General Internal Medicine. (drugfree.org, 7/28/19)
Counterfeit pills laced with fentanyl
Recently, a number of people have lost children to counterfeit pills laced with fentanyl. While it didn’t make the newspapers like the fentanyl-related deaths of Mac Miller and Tom Petty, it was no less of a tragedy.
Many of the substances sold on the street are laced with “cutting agents,” more potent substances or disguised as another drug altogether. These can be laundry detergent, talcum powder or rat poison. For example, marijuana can be laced with embalming fluid, or the hallucinogen PCP. But one of the most dangerous is fentanyl, a synthetic opioid that is 50 to 100 times more powerful than morphine. Fentanyl is showing up in cocaine, heroin, other pain medications like Percocet and Oxycodone, and in prescription anxiety medications like Xanax. According to a CDC report, deaths related to fentanyl increased 45% in 2017 alone. Synthetic drugs are often more deadly not only because of how strong they are, but also because of the ever-changing ways in which they are blended into other substances. This makes it difficult for people to know not only what they are taking, but also the strength of the drug.
Many families wonder why anyone would lace a product with a substance like fentanyl, given it’s so powerful and can easily cause an overdose. After all, who would knowingly promote a product that has the potential to kill their buyers? The answer lies in economics. It’s cheaper to produce, and when combined with other sought-after substances, can generate huge profits, despite the risk of overdose and loss of life.
While measures are being taken to safeguard the country, there are actions you as a parent or caregiver can take to protect and reduce the risks loved ones may face:
Community events are not only fun, they are vital to the life of a healthy community! Special events and community celebrations play an important role as attractions and catalysts for future community development.
"In addition to the economic benefit that is derived from the increased number of tourists, festivals and special events also expand the tourist season of the destination, provide cultural and educational opportunities, foster a feeling of community pride, help conserve sensitive natural, social and cultural environments, and contribute to sustainable development." - Humaira Irshad Rural Development Division
If you're a Jay County resident, you have the opportunity to participate in a community event This Week! If you've lived in Jay County for more than a year, you've probably heard about the "Tractor and Engine Show." But what you may not know, is that the Tri-State Gas Engine and Tractor Association hosts the world's largest gas engine and tractor show every year, right here in Jay County Indiana. The hub of the event is at the Jay County Fairgrounds, but the entire town of Portland seems to be taken over by golf carts, yard sales, and a whole lot of fun for an entire week each August.
This year, the 54th Annual Tri-State Gas Engine and Tractor Show will take place on August 20th-24th. Be sure to bring the whole family to the Jay County Fairgrounds to experience this unique event! Click here for more information.
Are you heading off to college within the next few weeks? If so, you're probably feeling excited and nervous all at once. You might be wondering if you'll get along with your roommate, or if the academics will really be harder than in high school. Maybe you're afraid leaving home, or you're excited for the chance to meet people with the same interests as you.
No matter how you're feeling about leaving for college, one of the things you may not have thought about was peer pressure and access to substances like alcohol, prescription, and illicit drugs.
If you experience feelings of anxiety, worry, or loneliness, drugs may seem like a quick fix. If you're being offered this kind of escape, it might seem like "no big deal." But the fact is, alcohol, misused prescriptions, and other drugs can have extremely harmful and detrimental effects on your brain and overall health.
Things to Consider:
The National Suicide Prevention Lifeline (1-800-273-8255) is also a great place to talk about those feelings--even if you are not experiencing suicidal thoughts.
You can also watch the video below with a trusted adult and ask them to talk about it with you. This video helps inform adults on how to help you cope with some of the new stressors you may be facing.
"...all of my friends, like all of my best friends, are addicted to nicotine..."
JUUL is an e cigarette brand that currently has teens across America addicted to nicotine. JUUL was introduced to the market in 2015. It's sleek, and looks similar to a USB thumb drive. Because JUUL does not contain the burning tobacco that traditional cigarettes do, it was looked to as a safer alternative for adult smokers. However, because of the way JUUL has been marketed among youth, this device has led to what some call a "teen addiction crisis." According to Scott Gottlieb, FDA Commissioner, "E-cigs have become an almost ubiquitous and dangerous trend among teens. The disturbing and accelerating trajectory of use we are seeing in youth and a resulting path to addiction must end."
According to an NBC News video:
1. JUUL appeals to underage kids, especially with its fruity flavors
2. JUULing leads kids to cigarette use
3. The high nicotine content makes JUULing highly addictive regardless of age
4. We don't yet know the long term health effects
Some believe that JUUL can be the harm-reduction "missing link" between prevention and addiction, but even if JUUL does not contain the harmful tobacco smoke traditional cigarettes do, we don't have enough research yet to know what long-term effects use can have. And the marketing of JUUL seems to be targeting young people--not always lifelong smokers. Founder of JUUL admitted in an interview that the advertising geared to youth was "probably not our best foot forward." He claims the product was meant to be used solely by "adult smokers" as a harm-reduction tool.
But for many people, a harm reduction strategy for lifelong smokers is not worth an entirely new generation of people addicted to nicotine. Scott Gottlieb, FDA Commissioner, "The FDA will not tolerate a whole generation of young people becoming addicted to nicotine as a tradeoff for enabling adults to have unfettered access to these same products."
A new generation of young people is dependant on nicotine because of these products. It is important to stand up for thoughtful advertising techniques that employ best practices, and encourage retailers not to promote or sell to minors.
The news is full of information regarding the opioid crisis. However, methamphetamine has made a comeback. In fact, many criminal justice agencies are currently seeing more individuals testing positive for methamphetamine than opioids.
Facts about Methamphetamine (Meth)
Is a powerful, highly addictive stimulant that affects the central nervous system.
People use meth by smoking, swallowing, snorting, or injecting the drug. Crystal meth is a form of the drug that looks like glass fragments or shiny, bluish-white rocks.
Short-term health effects from using meth include increased wakefulness and physical activity, decreased appetite, increased blood pressure and body temperature.
Long-term health effects include
Withdrawal symptoms can include
The most effective treatments so far are behavioral therapies and motivational incentives. Community support and mental health services are vital to people maintaining sobriety. If we all work to reduce the stigmas surrounding addiction, it will lead to the removal of barriers in acknowledging the problem, seeking and accessing treatment and, ultimately, to recovery.
Reach out to the JCDPC Quick Response Team if you or a loved one struggles with an addiction. Call (260) 251-3259 or email email@example.com.