NIH’s 2019 Monitoring the Future survey finds continuing declines in prescription opioid misuse, tobacco cigarettes, and alcohol
Findings from the 2019 Monitoring the Future (MTF) survey demonstrate the appeal of vaping to teens, as seen in the increased prevalence of marijuana use as well as nicotine vaping. Results from the 45th annual MTF survey, a nationally representative sample of eighth, 10th and 12th graders in hundreds of U.S. schools, were announced today by the director of the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), part of the National Institutes of Health, along with the University of Michigan scientist who leads the research team. The self-report survey is given annually to students who respond to questions about their drug use and attitudes.
Past year vaping of marijuana, which has more than doubled in the past two years, was reported at 20.8% among 12th graders, with 10th graders not far behind at 19.4% and eighth graders at 7.0%. Past month marijuana vaping among 12th graders nearly doubled in a single year to 14% from 7.5%–the second largest one-year jump ever tracked for any substance in the history of the survey. (The largest was from 2017-2018 with past month nicotine vaping among 12th graders). For the first time, the survey measured daily marijuana vaping, which was reported at 3.5% among 12th graders, 3.0% among 10th graders, and 0.8% among eighth graders. The MTF investigators documented more detailed findings on teen vaping of marijuana in a research letter released today in the Journal of the American Medical Association. High rates of nicotine vaping reported in the MTF survey were released in September.
Marijuana continues to be the most commonly used illicit drug by adolescents. After remaining mostly stable for many years, daily use of marijuana went up significantly since 2018 among eighth and 10th graders–now at 1.3% and 4.8% respectively. However, overall past year marijuana use rates remain steady among teens (35.7% among 12th graders; 28.8% among 10th graders; and 11.8% among eighth graders).
Past year rates of any illicit drug use, other than marijuana, remain relatively low among 12th graders; past year use was 3.6% for LSD; 3.3% for synthetic cannabinoids; 2.2% for both cocaine and MDMA (ecstasy); and 0.4% for heroin. Other drug use, including the misuse of prescription medicines and the use of alcohol as well as tobacco cigarettes, continues to decline.
"We are heartened to see the continuing decline in the use of many drugs, particularly non-medical use of prescription opioids; however, teens are clearly attracted to vaping products, which are often concentrated amounts of drugs disguised as electronic gadgets," said NIDA Director Dr. Nora Volkow. "Their growing popularity threatens to undo years of progress protecting the health of adolescents in the U.S."
Though intended to be a festive time, December often brings with it holiday-induced stressors such as facing grief and loss, increased family pressures, and finances stretched thin. Add in a surplus of social activities that commonly include alcohol, and for some during this season, staying sober can be difficult.
By the time New Year's Eve has come and gone, authorities see a spike in Operating While Intoxicated (OWI) offenses, binge drinking scares, and other drug- and alcohol-related issues.
Buzzed Driving: The Sobering Statistics
It is important to note, however, that alcohol isn’t the only substance impairing drivers—drugged driving is on the rise. Use of illicit drugs and/or the misuse of prescription drugs can also make driving a motor vehicle unsafe. According to the 2017 National Survey on Drug Use and Health, nearly 13 million people drove after using illicit drugs.
As the statistics show, drinking and/or using illicit drugs and driving should never be combined. All too often people believe they are “okay to drive” when in fact they are not. Unsure how to determine if you are too impaired to drive? The bottom line is this: If You Feel Different, You Drive Different. Avoid making
poor decisions at holiday events by planning ahead and ensuring a sober ride home in advance of any alcohol consumption.
Help keep our roadways safe this holiday season. Plan ahead, establish safe transportation, and avoid impaired driving. Remember, driving while impaired not only puts you and your passengers in danger, but also the lives of pedestrians and other drivers and their passengers.
At least 2.2 million children had been affected by the U.S. opioid crisis by 2017, with that total poised to grow and the consequences likely to be felt for years to come, a new analysis shows.
Parents' opioid use is the primary reason children are affected by the crisis – whether they're living with an addicted parent or have been removed from their home, or their parent is incarcerated or has died of an overdose – according to the report from the United Hospital Fund, a health policy nonprofit based in New York. Still, an estimated 170,000 kids had opioid use disorder themselves or had accidentally taken the drugs in recent years, the analysis says.
The children of the opioid crisis are likely to incur higher expenses than others during childhood – an estimated $117.5 billion in health care, special education and child welfare spending – along with another $62.1 billion in societal costs during adulthood, the study says.
Even assuming a continual downward trend in opioid use, the analysis says, there still could be 4.3 million children affected by the opioid crisis at a cost of $400 billion by 2030.
"Even if we could stop the epidemic cold in its tracks today, the ripples will last long into the future," says Suzanne Brundage, the study's lead author and director of UHF's Children's Health Initiative. And while states and the federal government have spent billions of dollars to combat the opioid crisis in recent years, its effects on children and families have been "overlooked in many places," Brundage says.
Across the U.S. in 2017, the analysis says there were an estimated 28 opioid-affected children per 1,000, with state-level rates ranging from 54 in West Virginia to 20 in California. The total number of opioid-affected children was highest in California, at 196,000 in 2017.
These disparities reflect both the magnitude of addiction and the number of children living in a state, as well as local strategies to tackle addiction, Brundage says. For example, states where greater numbers of opioid-affected children enter foster care or live with other relatives – such as Texas and Florida – may have less robust or intentional programs aimed at keeping families intact.
Living with a parent dealing with drug addiction is considered an adverse childhood experience, or ACE. A recent report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention found that about 61% of adults have experienced at least one ACE, while nearly 1 in 6 reported four or more types.
Kids who experience a greater number of ACEs are more likely to become smokers and to be severely obese, suffer from depression and develop substance use issues of their own, according to the new analysis. On average, it says, children affected by substance use disorders experience 2.1 ACEs in their lifetimes – a significant but not "abnormally high" number, according to Brundage.
"Clearly, the opioid epidemic is a generator of ACEs," Brundage says. "ACEs are a normal part of our society, unfortunately, and what we need to do is think about ways of preventing ACEs and building resilient families."
Last year, President Donald Trump signed the Family First Prevention Services Act, which seeks to keep children with their parents and relatives rather than placing them in foster homes. The law enables states to use federal foster care and adoption assistance funding for mental health, substance abuse and parenting skills programs for parents at risk of losing their children. It's still unclear how the law will be implemented, though, as many states have delayed doing so.
"The opioid epidemic is clearly driving forward a wave of children affected by family substance use disorder," Brundage says. "We need policymakers, (the) private sector, community leaders and the general public to … start responding today."
A Town Hall Meeting to discuss Underage Drinking in Jay County will be held Thursday November 21st at 6:00PM at the Jay County Fairgrounds. If you are a parent in Jay County who would like your voice to be heard in the conversations on underage drinking, you won't want to miss this event. Supper will be provided, and everyone is welcome to attend.
This event is brought to the community by Purdue Extension and the Jay County Drug Prevention Coalition. Please contact Tonya Culp at 260-251-3259 ex. 1003 for more information.
This week is Red Ribbon Week! You may be celebrating in your school or workplace by wearing a red ribbon or bracelet to show your commitment to living a drug-free lifestyle. But do you know where this tradition came from?
Created in 1985 after drug traffickers murdered DEA agent Enrique "Kiki" Camarena, Red Ribbon Week is an annual event demonstrating intolerance for drugs in our nation's schools, workplaces, and communities. People across the United States show their commitment to leading a healthy, drug-free lifestyle by wearing or displaying a red ribbon.
This year, join in the celebration by taking the Red Ribbon Pledge. You can also enter the Red Ribbon Photo Contest for a chance to win an IPad and $1,000 for your school! Be sure to visit the Jay County Drug Prevention Coalition to learn more, or to become involved in the initiatives to make Jay County a drug free community!
You may have heard that this summer, JCDPC received a Tobacco Prevention and Cessation Grant! We were very excited to have received this support from the Indiana State Department of Health to help educate on and prevent Tobacco use in Jay County.
This week, JCDPC's Tobacco Coalition will be meeting for the very first time, and you are invited!
Tobacco Coalition Meeting
Date: October 18th, 2019
Location: 129 E Water St. Portland
Contact: Sydney Haines | email@example.com | 260-251-3259 ex. 1004
October 1st marked the beginning of a new fiscal year for JCDPC, and the end of the first year of federal funding for our organization. In celebration of our year-end, today's post provides an overview of our year, and a celebration of what was accomplished. Thank you to everyone who has offered support, volunteerism, donations, attended an event, referred a client, or became a client! Thank you to those who assisted in the work of the coalition to help reduce substance abuse in Jay County!
Thank you to our volunteer leaders
Nick Miller, Board Chair
Gary Hendershot, Vice Chair
Emily Leas, Board Secretary
James Myers, Treasurer
Peer Recovery Coaches
Allyssa Raines, Travis Jester, Michael Eads, Doug Johnson, Jolene Fair, Bob Thomas, Gina Raines, Christian Myers
Tracy Carpenter, Lee Newman, Jennifer VanSkyock, Brian Hutchison, Jeanne Lutz, Emily Leas, Allison Yankey, James Myers, Jesse Bivens, Allison Keen, Seth Wilson, Phil Corwin
Projects Programs and Services
Drug Free Communities
Five-year Initiative (October 2018-September 2023) focused on preventing underage drinking and youth misuse of prescription drugs.
Tobacco Prevention and Cessation
Two-year initiative (July 2019-June 2021) focused on reducing tobacco and nicotine rates through policy work, legislative change, and education.
Peer Recovery Coaches
Promote recovery from addiction by removing barriers and obstacles and serving as a personal guide/mentor for people seeking or in recovery.
Quick Response Team
Rapid response to individuals who have overdosed and to facilitate access to treatment for individuals struggling with addiction. The primary focus is to assess an individual's needs, symptoms and strengths to determine an appropriate, individualized plan for intervention.
Connecting the Links
This video driven concert was brought to the community in partnership with A Better Life Brianna's Hope (ABLBH). The awareness event was a creative, moving way to educate on the local effects of substance abuse and help reduce the stigma that surrounds addiction. The entertainment was produced and performed by Eric and Jillian Maitlen of Two Eight Ministries.
In observance of Mental Health Awareness Month (May) this one-day program was brought to the entire 8th and 9th grade classes in the Jay County School system. This program was in partnership with Purdue Extension, Meridian Health Services, Youth Service Bureau, Jay County Schools, and Youth for Christ.
This prevention and resilience-building program has been implemented in the Jay County High School (30 freshman), Middle Schools (all 6th Grade), and Jay Community Center Summer Day Camp (30 school aged children).
An evidence based parenting program designed to help parents and kids develop happier family relationships, improve mental health outcomes, and help decrease youth alcohol and drug use, violence, and delinquent behavior. This has been implemented with seven families, and further implementation is being planned in partnership with Purdue Extension.
Awarded annually in the areas of Drug and Alcohol Prevention/Education, Justice/Law Enforcement, and Intervention/Treatment.